Oeuvres Morales, Tome VIII ; Traités 42-45

Le Destin est un traité philosophico théologique sous forme épistolaire, dans lequel Plutarque expose sa vison du destin (en grec, Eimaréné, c'est à dire, "la part que l'on reçoit". les Moires étaient des divinités liées au destin). Fidèle à son Platonisme, il postule l'existence d'une providence (en grec, Pronoïa, strict équivalent du mot latin), attribut d'une divinité...

Continue reading

Oeuvres morales, Tome II ; Traités 10 - 14

Encore une fois un excellent ensemble de textes de Plutarque. La consolation à Appolonios est adressé à un de ses ami affecté par la mort de son enfant, et qu'il essaie de rendre à lui-même et le tirant de son affliction par des raisons douces mais fermes. Les préceptes de santé contiennent un ensemble de conseils que l'on pourrait réunir sous la bannière de la tempérance, et de...

Continue reading

Parallel Lives

Plutarch's Parallel Lives is a series of biographies, arranged in pairs illuminating virtues & vices. Surviving Lives contain 23 pairs, each with a Greek & a Roman Life, & 4 unpaired Lives. As explained in the opening of his Life of Alexander, he wasn't concerned with history so much as the influence of character on life & destiny. Whereas sometimes he barely touched on great events, he devoted much space to anecdote &...

Continue reading

Plutarch's Lives, Volume II

Plutarch's Parallel Lives is a series of biographies of famous men, arranged in tandem to illuminate their common moral virtues or failings, written in the late 1st century. The surviving Parallel Lives [in Greek: Βίοι Παράλληλοι (Bíoi Parállēloi)] contain twenty-three pairs of biographies, each pair consisting of one Greek and one Roman, as...

Continue reading

Sur les Oracles de la Pythie

Source fondamentale pour l'etude de la divination antique, les Oracles de la Pythieconstituent un veritable " testament delphique " qui permet a Plutarque de poser les fondements de ses equations philosophiques conduisant a une reflexion sur le divin. Comment l'homme peut atteindre par la raison la pensee divine ? Comment se fait le passage d'une realite spirituelle a une expression verbale concrete (l'oracle) ? Qui permet ce passage du...

Continue reading

Plutarch's Lives

There's something really comforting about watching someone else's Republic fall apart, especially when so much of it has a familiar ring.If you want to be transported to an alternate universe where noble (and not-so-noble)characters vie with tragic mix of ignorance and evil and then settle it all with big battles, you don't have to pick up the latest fantasy trilogy.Plutarch did it all long ago.Writing in the early years of the Roman...

Continue reading

Morals

Plutarch (Greek: Πλούταρχος) later named, on his becoming a Roman citizen, Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus (Greek: Λούκιος Μέστριος Πλούταρχος) c. AD 46 - 120, was a Greek biographer, essayist, priest, ambassador, magistrate, and Middle Platonist. Plutarch was born to a...

Continue reading

Rome in Crisis

Bringing together nine biographies from Plutarch's Parallel Lives series, this edition examines the lives of major figures in Roman history, from Lucullus (118-57 BC), an aristocratic politician and conqueror of Eastern kingdoms, to Otho (32-69 AD), a reckless young noble who consorted with the tyrannical, debauched emperor Nero before briefly becoming a dignified and gracious emperor himself. Ian Scott-Kilvert's and Christopher Pelling's...

Continue reading

Vies Parallèles

Dans la galerie de portraits que rassemblent les Vies paralleles de Plutarque, Alcibiade et Coriolan occupent une place un peu a part. Loin d'etre des modeles de vertu, ces deux hommes d'etat du Ve siecle av. J.-C. apparaissent l'un et l'autre comme des ambitieux qui n'ont pas hesite a trahir leur patrie et a se mettre au service de l'ennemi. Pourtant, Plutarque ne les accable pas outre mesure: Alcibiade fut le disciple cheri de Socrate et...

Continue reading

On Sparta

Plutarch’s vivid and engaging portraits of the Spartans and their customs are a major source of our knowledge about the rise and fall of their remarkable Greek city-state between the sixth and third centuries BC. Through his Lives of Sparta’s leaders and his recording of memorable Spartan Sayings, he depicts a people who lived frugally and mastered their emotions in all aspects of life, who disposed of unhealthy babies in a deep chasm,...

Continue reading

Oeuvres morales, Tome X ; Traités 47 et 48

Il serait extraordinaire que ces œuvres morales n'abordent pas le sujet qui a le plus inspiré la littérature depuis qu'elle existe : l'amour. Pour Plutarque, il ne s'agit pas ici de refaire le banquet de Platon, mais de se livrer à une apologie du mariage à partir d'une controverse né lors des circonstances suivantes : A Thespies, Bacchon, surnommé "le Beau" est un jeune homme à la physionomie...

Continue reading

Plutarch's Lives, Vol 1

Ce n'est pas assez que le temps mutile les ouvrages: certains éditeurs font profession de trafiquer des abrégés qui ne s'annoncent pas comme tels. Heureusement, ce n'est pas le cas de ce livre, qui rend au lecteur la plus grande partie de l'œuvre majeur de Plutarque. Pourquoi écarter Lycurgue, Numa, Solon, Thémistocle ou Périclès au profit de César, d'Alexandre, d'Alcibiade ou de Coriolan ? C'est mon...

Continue reading

Roman Lives

'I treat the narrative of the Lives as a kind of mirror...The experience is like nothing so much as spending time in their company and living with them: I receive and welcome each of them in turn as my guest.' In the eight lives of this collection Plutarch introduces the reader to the major figures and periods of classical Rome. He portrays virtues to be emulated and vices to be avoided, but his purpose is also implicitly to...

Continue reading

Essays

One of the greatest essayists of the Graeco-Roman world, Plutarch (c. AD 46 -120) used an encyclopedic knowledge of the Roman Empire to produce a compelling and individual voice. In this superb selection from his writings, he offers personal insights into moral subjects that include the virtue of listening, the danger of flattery and the avoidance of anger, alongside more speculative essays on themes as diverse as God's slowness to punish man,...

Continue reading

Plutarch's Lives, Volume 2

Plutarch s Lives, written at the beginning of the second century A.D., is a social history of the ancient world by one of thegreatest biographers and moralists of all time. In what is by far hismost famous and influential work, Plutarch reveals the character andpersonality of his subjects and how they led ultimately to tragedy orvictory. Richly anecdotal and full of detail, Volume I containsprofiles and comparisons of Romulus and Theseus, Numa...

Continue reading